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How do you say "dream" in your language?

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Mew151
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How do you say "dream" in your language?
PostPosted: Mon 05 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

LD4all is an international community with members who speak many different languages. I was recently thinking about languages and wondered something. In English, "dream" can refer to the things we see while sleeping ("I had a crazy dream last night!") as well as our goals and aspirations ("I have a dream..."). I was wondering if any other languages use their word for "dream" in the same way or if there are other definitions.

So why not share how to say "dream" in any languages you speak or are trying to learn? And specify if the word has any other definitions or if there are multiple words for "dream" or anything else interesting?!


So, I'll go first! I'm learning Japanese in school right now! The Japanese word for dream is (ゆめ) ("yume") and it actually maps out to the English word "dream" pretty well. It can mean both the things we see at night while sleeping and aspirations. I'm not sure if this is due to Western influence or if the word has always been like that. According to various internet sources which may or may not be Google Translate, the term for "lucid dream" in Japanese is 明晰夢 (めいせきむ) ("meisekimu"). I'm not sure if there are any other terms or not.



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Last edited by Mew151 on Sun 24 Jan, 2016; edited 1 time in total
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Cornelia Xaos
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PostPosted: Mon 05 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

"Oh look! An excuse for me to speak Spanish! :D"

En espaol, dicimos soar y lo usamos casi lo mismo como en ingles. Or.. to put that in another language... In Spanish we say "soar" and we use it almost the same as in English. "Lucid dreams" would be "sueos lucidos".

So.. yea.. I look forwards to seeing what other languages people put up here. smile



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Pedro Sponchiado
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PostPosted: Mon 05 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

In Brazil, we speak portuguese and we call it "sonho". It has the same meaning that in english( althought there is a candy called sonho, a little cake with cream of nobodyknowswhat-flavor wink )


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Vergil
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PostPosted: Mon 05 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

In french, we say: "Rve". so lucid dream is just "Rve lucide".


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Majah
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PostPosted: Tue 06 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

In dutch, the language of the Netherlands, we say "droom".
Lucid dream is "lucide droom".

It has the same meanings as in english (the activity while sleeping, as well as future goals and aspirations)




Last edited by Majah on Wed 07 Oct, 2015; edited 1 time in total
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Marvin
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PostPosted: Tue 06 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

In German we use the word "Traum" for dream, which can also mean both the experience at night and aspirations or hopes/wishes. I wouldn't be surprised though if the term is also used in English or other languages when a lot of terms in psychology were coined by Germans^^

A lucid dream is a "Klartraum", which literally means "clear dream", but could of course also mean vivid dream or lucid dream wink5 It is however a single noun in German, no adjective+noun combination.

Also, wiki also lists the lucid dream as 明晰夢, however it uses a different reading for 夢: meiseki-mu. I've also read it up in some other source a while ago but I don't remember what term they used. However, I am quite sure it had 明 in it tounge1


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Ghosteh
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PostPosted: Tue 06 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

In my language we say "drm" and its used in both contexts, and lucid dream is klardrm or lucid drm, nothing more interesting than german tounge1


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Majah
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PostPosted: Wed 07 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

Ghosteh wrote:
In my language we say "drm" and its used in both contexts, and lucid dream is klardrm or lucid drm, nothing more interesting than german tounge1

So where do you live, Ghosteh? wink


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En'enra
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PostPosted: Wed 07 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

In Serbian ♪

dream: san
to dream: sanjati (pronounced sanyati)
I am dreaming: Ja sanjam
lucid dreaming/lucid dreams: lucidno sanjanje/lucidni snovi (pronounced lutsid-)
dreamer: sanjar
dream journal: dnevnik snova
to sleep: spavati
nightmare: komar (koshmar), or noćna mora (literally night mare)
daydreaming: sanjarenje
to daydream: sanjariti

San can mean both dreaming during sleep and someone's aspirations.


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PostPosted: Wed 07 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

In Finnish it's:

dream=uni
lucid dream=selkouni
nightmare=painajainen



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EllyEve
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PostPosted: Fri 09 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

In Tagalog, dream is "panaginip" (with a soft G and long I). There's even a word for Old Hag Syndrome, "bangungot" (both ng's are pronounced together, like the end of an English gerund.)

I heard in Japanese the sleep paralysis phenomenon is "kanashibari" and traditionally involves a ghost rather than an old hag.

What I'm really curious about is the etymology of the Australian Aborigines words that get translated into "dreaming". I've read that Aboriginal "Dreaming" refers to territories, mythology, and rituals...but do they also refer to the stuff that they see when they sleep? Or did some colonialists just think that calling tribal practices "dreamings" was more poetic?


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PostPosted: Fri 09 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

EllyEve wrote:
What I'm really curious about is the etymology of the Australian Aborigines words that get translated into "dreaming". I've read that Aboriginal "Dreaming" refers to territories, mythology, and rituals...but do they also refer to the stuff that they see when they sleep? Or did some colonialists just think that calling tribal practices "dreamings" was more poetic?


Actually, the term "Dreaming" in that cased is used as a synonym for the more Anglicised "Dreamtime". It's completely different from the Aboriginals actual terms for dreaming. It's hard to say what the word is for Aboriginals, since there is a load of actual languages, differing from each tribe. Wiki says "The term "Dreaming" is directly based on the term Altjira (Alchera), the name of a spirit or entity in the mythology of the Aranda [tribe]." kiekeboe



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En'enra
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PostPosted: Sat 10 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

EllyEve wrote:
I heard in Japanese the sleep paralysis phenomenon is "kanashibari" and traditionally involves a ghost rather than an old hag.


Reminded me of this.


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EllyEve
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PostPosted: Sat 10 Oct, 2015  Reply with quote

Eilatan wrote:
EllyEve wrote:
What I'm really curious about is the etymology of the Australian Aborigines words that get translated into "dreaming". I've read that Aboriginal "Dreaming" refers to territories, mythology, and rituals...but do they also refer to the stuff that they see when they sleep? Or did some colonialists just think that calling tribal practices "dreamings" was more poetic?


Actually, the term "Dreaming" in that cased is used as a synonym for the more Anglicised "Dreamtime". It's completely different from the Aboriginals actual terms for dreaming. It's hard to say what the word is for Aboriginals, since there is a load of actual languages, differing from each tribe. Wiki says "The term "Dreaming" is directly based on the term Altjira (Alchera), the name of a spirit or entity in the mythology of the Aranda [tribe]." kiekeboe


Ah, thank you! That cleared things up a lot. smile I followed some Wiki links, they've been updated so much since the last time I looked up Dreamtime, and apparently a man named William Edward Hanley Stanner translated altjira or alcheringa from an Aranda language into Dreamtime...which might have been a mistranslation, and nothing to do with hallucinations during sleep at all. This also explains why, when I got to read an actual anthropological ethnography (Daughters of the Dreaming by Diane Bell, focused on the Walpiri and Katej), there were a lot of references to Dreamtime or Dreaming as mythological and ritual and ancestral and territorial...and maybe only once did the word refer to a significant dream that somebody had when they slept, specifically because of a sort of a curse that somebody else did them. Unfortunately, the original word for that wasn't included, it was just glossed as Dreaming, which I guess anthropologists are going to continue to use.

En'enra wrote:
EllyEve wrote:
I heard in Japanese the sleep paralysis phenomenon is "kanashibari" and traditionally involves a ghost rather than an old hag.


Reminded me of this.


I've got to catch up on the rest of this show one day.


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PostPosted: Sat 23 Jan, 2016  Reply with quote

Vergil wrote:
In french, we say: "Rve". so lucid dream is just "Rve lucide".


And to go further, we can explain that (in French as in English) We use "rver" to talk about our dreams for our future life for example.
"J'ai toujours rv de faire des rves lucides !"
"I have always wanted to make lucid dreams ! "

The similarities between these two languages are big. eek2



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